Resources for Anzac Day lessons

 

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Anzac Diaries

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Diaries written mainly by Australians and New Zealanders at Gallipoli, and elsewhere, during World War 1

 

Anzac diaries
DIARIES BY:

Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett (Aust.)
C.E.W. Bean
(Aust.)
Joseph Lievesley Beeston
(Aust.)
George Bollinger (NZ)
William Gilbert Bruce
(Aust., but not at Gallipoli)
Fredrick Dill (NZ)
John Murray Donn (NZ)
Thomas E. Drane
(Aust.)
John Harold Falconer
(Aust.)
Frederick Forrest
(Aust.)
Ian Hamilton (British general)
Ernest George King
(Aust.)
Will Lycett
(Aust.)
Clifton Mason
(Aust.)
John Campbell Noakes
(Aust.)
Herbert Vincent Reynolds
(Aust.)
Harry Russell
(Aust., in France)
Verdi Schwinghammer
(Aust., in France)
S.W. Siddeley
(Aust.)
Ellis Silas
(Aust.)
Percy Smythe
(Aust.)
Hugo Throssell (Aust.)
Samuel Weingott
(Aust.)
Edgar Sydney Worrall (Aust.)
 
GROUPED BY SOLDIER'S COUNTRY

Australian diaries
New Zealand diaries
British diaries


ANZAC DIARIES GENERALLY

Various diary extracts
Lesson suggestions
MORE...


The diary of Gallipoli and Western Front soldier Bert Orchard was published in 2010. See details.
 

Australian Gallipoli diaries
 

Ashmead-Bartlett, Ellis

Ellis Ashmead-BartlettEllis Ashmead-Bartlett - Diary (anzacsite.gov.au)
See links at the right of the page, in particular:
- Excerpt from diary on military censorship
- War diary


See also Biographies: Ellis Ashmead-Bartlett
 

Bean, C.E.W.

CEW BeanThe diaries of C.E.W. Bean: 11 November 1918 (awm.gov.au/blog)
To see copies of Charles Bean's diaries go to:
Records of C.E.W. Bean (awm.gov.au)

The Australian War Memorial "has digitised 286 volumes of diaries, notebooks, and folders kept by Bean during and after the war and used by him to write the official history of the First World War."

See also Biographies: Charles Bean
 

Beeston, Joseph Lievesley

Joseph Beeston's dug-outFive Months at Anzac: Joseph Lievesley Beeston (gutenberg.org)
"A narrative of personal experiences of the officer commanding the 4th Field Ambulance, Australian Imperial Force."
For a choice of formats to download, see Five Months at Anzac.

Drane, Thomas E.

Thomas E DraneAnzac Gallipoli Diary: Thomas E Drane (bushroots.com/wp)
See also T E Drane photos.


Extracts from Anzac Gallipoli War Diary: T E Drane (bushroots.com/wp)

Falconer, John Harold

John Harold FalconerThe People - diaries of two soldiers (users.tpg.com.au/rnoakes)
Scroll down the INTERNAL window, then click on the links to John Harold Falconer to access web pages and Word documents containing the diaries:
- John Harold Falconer - web page

- John Harold Falconer - Word doc

 

Forrest, Frederick

War Diary of W 2729 Lieutenant Colonel Frederick Forrest MC (Army Museum of South Australia) [pdf file]
Egypt, Gallipoli, Belgium, France.

King, Ernest George

Ernest George KingAn Anzac's Diary: Ernest George King
http://users.bigpond.net.au/rhearne/
As the above url appears to be no longer working, first try An Anzac's Diary (archived version). (Click "Impatient?".) If that doesn't work, copy the url and paste it into the Wayback Machine. (If you need help, see How to go straight to an archived page.)

 

Lycett, Will

Will LycettThe Great War Diary: Will Lycett (anzacs.net)
The diaries of Lance Corporal/Sapper William Dalton Lycett, from January 1915 to December 1918.

Mason, Clifton

Clifton Mason - War Diary of an ANZAC
http://www.nicholasjones.org/archives/clifton_mason/1915/07/
As the above url appears to be no longer working, first try Clifton Mason - War Diary of an ANZAC (Archived verison). (Click "Impatient?".) If that doesn't work, copy the url and paste it into the Wayback Machine. (If you need help, see How to go straight to an archived page.)

Clifton Mason arrived at Gallipoli on 29 July 1915.

Noakes, John Campbell

John Campbell NoakesThe People - diaries of two soldiers (users.tpg.com.au/rnoakes)
Scroll down the INTERNAL window, then click on the links to John Campbell Noakes to access web pages and Word documents containing the diaries:
- John Campbell Noakes - web page
- John Campbell Noakes - Word doc

Reynolds, Herbert Vincent

HV Reynolds (Herbert Vincent Reynolds)
Anzac diary entries transcribed into blog format

Diary of an ANZAC - HV Reynolds (awm.gov.au)
Extracts from the diary of Herbert Vincent Reynolds presented in blog format, along with relevant photographs and other illustrations. Scroll down for beginning of entries from HV Reynolds' diary. Note that the entries are in reverse date order and continue over many pages. Includes suggested questions for classroom discussion.

Blog Article - Diary of an ANZAC: A Gallipoli Perspective (awm.gov.au)

See also Lesson suggestions (below)
 

Siddeley, S.W.

'God knows it was hell': Extract from diary of S.W. Siddeley (museumvictoria.com.au)
An entry dated 8 May 1915 from the diary of Corporal William McQueen Saxon ('S.W.') Siddeley, of the Australian Army Medical Corps, describing his involvement at Helles, Gallipoli. See photograph of diary - this page contains another extract from the diary.

Silas, Ellis

Ellis SilasDiary of Signaller Ellis Silas (anzacsite.gov.au)
- Diary Introduction
- Diary, 1914
- Diary, April 1915 (includes the landing at Gallipoli, 25 April 1915)
- Diary, May 1915
See also:

- Biography of Ellis Luciano Silas
- Silas' Drawings - "Crusading at Anzac"

See also Biographies: Ellis Silas

Smythe, Percy

Percy SmytheThe World War 1 Diary of Percy Smythe: Chapter 2 (smythe.id.au)
Chapter 2 of this diary from the Smythe Family Website covers Percy Smythe's time in Egypt, the voyage to Gallipoli, arriving in July 1915, and his time in Gallipoli.
Throssell, Hugo War Diary of Hugo Throssell [pdf] (anzacsite.gov.au)
The first three pages of this collection of documents are handrwritten diary entries by Hugo Throssell. (Throssell was married to well-known writer Katherine Susannah Prichard: more information.) (Photo from anzacsite.gov.au.)

See also Biographies: Hugo Throssell

Weingott, Samuel

Samuel WeingottSamuel Weingott (patriotfiles.com)
Gallipoli entries commence on 25 April 1915.

Worrall, Edgar

Edgar WorrallDiary of Corporal Edgar Sydney Worrall (From diggerhistory.info, archived by the NLA's Pandora Archive on 6 Mar 2010. See also our "Where is Digger History?" page.)
Corporal Edgar Worrall was one of the last men to leave Gallipoli. He says in the entry for 20th December 1915 that he fired the last shot at Lone Pine. Other entries cover food, school mates being at Gallipoli too, letters and parcels from home, firing at the Turks, trench conditions such as cold weather and nearby dead bodies, and the evacuation. For the meaning of the term "sap", see Gallipoli Slang. (Corporal Worrall died in France in 1917.)
New Zealand Gallipoli diaries
 

Bollinger, George

George BollingerAnzac diary: George Bollinger (nzhistory.net.nz)
George Wallace Bollinger left Wellington, New Zealand, on 16 October 1914, landed at Gallipoli on 26 April 1915 and was evacuated on 15 September.

Dill, Fredrick

Fredrick DillThe Diary of Fredrick Dill
http://socialstudies.unitecnology.ac.nz/gallipoli_webquest/Diary%20of%20Fredrick%20Dill.htm

As the above url appears to be no longer working, first try Diary of Fredrick Dill (archived version). (Click "Impatient?".) If that doesn't work, copy the url and paste it into the Wayback Machine. (If you need help, see How to go straight to an archived page.)

In the New Zealand Expeditionary Force.

Donn, John Murray

Diary of John Murray Donn, NZEF (From diggerhistory.info, archived by the NLA's Pandora Archive on 6 Mar 2010. See also our "Where is Digger History?" page.)
Extensive diary. New Zealander John Murray Donn landed at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915 and was killed in France on 2 October 1916.
 
Malone, William William MaloneWilliam Malone's diary (nzhistory.net.nz)
William George Malone was a strong battalion commander who looked after his soldiers and was killed in August 1915.
 
British Gallipoli diary
 
Hamilton, Ian General Sir Ian HamiltonGallipoli Diary: General Sir Ian Hamilton Vol. 1 (gutenberg.org)
A British Army general who commanded the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force at Gallipoli.

Gallipoli Diary: General Sir Ian Hamilton Vol. 2 (gutenberg.org)

See also Biographies: Ian Hamilton
Various diary extracts The Anzac Diaries Part I (learningonline.com.au)
Excerpts of diaries from ANZAC soldiers at Gallipoli for the months of April, May and June 1915 - "taken from a wide variety of published and unpublished sources".

The Anzac Diaries Part II (learningonline.com.au)
Extracts from various diaries covering July, August, September, October, November and December 1915, arranged in order.

Gallipoli Diaries on the Web (users.skynet.be/Gallipoli)
List of links to diggers' diary websites.

Diggers Diaries
(From diggerhistory.info, archived by the NLA's Pandora Archive on 6 Mar 2010. See also our "Where is Digger History?" page.)
This section of the diggerhistory.info website is the source of some of the diary links above and below.


Gallipoli: In their own words (theage.com.au)
"Using letters, diaries and photographs, The Sunday Age recounts events through the eyes of the diggers who battled on amid despair and death..." The Sunday Age, 18 April 2004.

 

News Diary of George Peterson - Lawson's Auction House photoGallipoli diary sells for $24k (abc.net.au)
ABC News, 14 November 2012.
Report of the sale of the diary of New Zealand Private George Petersen who landed at Gallipoli with Nelson Company on April 25, 1915.

 

Norman Pearce's diary. (Image from ABC video)WW1 digger's diary tells of trench hell  (abc.net.au)
ABC News, 2 July 2012.
The handwritten diary of Gunner Norman Pearce, who served at Gallipoli and the Western Front, has been given to the State Library of New South Wales. (Includes a video report.)
 

Lesson suggestions Diary of an ANZAC: a Gallipoli perspective - HV Reynolds (awm.gov.au)
Lesson suggestions using the diary of Herbert Vincent Reynolds (see above).

See also Classroom activities

Other WW1 Diaries by Australians
Bruce, William Gilbert War Diary of 8593 Sergeant William Gilbert Bruce (Army Museum of South Australia) [pdf file]
(Not at Gallipoli.) Egypt, France, London. (The document appears to have a layout problem.)
Russell, Harry Harry RussellThe Diary of 2657 L/Cpl Harry Russell (From diggerhistory.info, archived by the NLA's Pandora Archive on 6 Mar 2010. See also our "Where is Digger History?" page.)

Although Harry Russell was at Anzac for a shot time, this transcription of his diary covers the time he spent on active duty in France.

Schwinghammer, Verdi Verdi SchwinghammerVerdi George Schwinghammer (From diggerhistory.info, archived by the NLA's Pandora Archive on 6 Mar 2010. See also our "Where is Digger History?" page.)
Sergeant Verdi Schwinghammer was the Australian born son of German parents. He served in Egypt, England and France.
MORE...

See also:
Australia and World War One: Documents (http://home.exetel.com.au/eduweb/AusWW1/Documents.html)
CURRENTLY UNAVAILABLE.

A variety of documents from and about World War 1.

Some other sources:

Anzac biographies

Anzac letters

Anzac reports

Anzac interviews

Gallipoli Campaign

Early books reproduced

Simpson and his Donkey

The last Anzac - Alec Campbell

Memorials and rolls

Background to Anzac Day - significance, spirit, tradition, legend

 

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Diary of George Peterson -photo from Lawson's Auction House
Diary of George Peterson
(From a Lawsons Auction House  photo on the ABC News website)

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